Description of Office
The constable is elected to a constitutionally created office (Tex. Const. Art. V, Sec. 18) for four years within each justice precinct. The constable is an authorized peace officer and is the chief process server of the justice court. The constable has statewide jurisdiction to execute any criminal process, and countywide jurisdiction to execute any civil process. The constable may also execute process issued by some state agencies.
The constable also has duties related to keeping accounts of the financial transactions of the office and is responsible for property seized or money collected by court order.
In November 1983, voters approved a constitutional amendment authorizing fewer constable precincts in certain counties. The number of justice of the peace and constable precincts in each county is to be determined by the population according to the most recent federal census. The amendment of Article V, Section 18 of the Texas Constitution took effect January 1, 1984.
For more complete information about the duties of a justice of the peace and other county officials, click here.